Faculty of Visual Arts at the Indonesia Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta becomes the art center for guiding and developing the reliable artistic feelings in order the students are able to give contribution to educate and enlighten people aesthetically to accord the development of the age.
To develop the artistic feelings according to the development of technology the national culture through the process of the ideal learning in the creation and research. To educate the morally good, creative, tough, superior graduates who have the sense of entrepreneurship, and give positive contribution to the needs of the society in the field of art.
To produce the graduates in the art field who are sensitive and reactive to the problems of the socio cultural development, science and technology, and have the potential ability to:
• Create and express various ideas in the forms of arts creatively,innovatively, professionally, and responsible aesthetically, morally, and academically.
• Research and analyze various artistic phenomena related to the cultural development.
• Develop the spirit of entrepreneurship in managing their own skilled capacities.
HISTORY OF FACULTY OF VISUAL ARTS INDONESIA
ASRI, Academy of Indonesian Arts
It has a long history, Faculty of Visual Arts at of Indonesia Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta is a high education institute of arts who is nearly as old as Indonesian Republic. Before emerging as the present Faculty of Visual Arts at Indonesia Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta, formerly it was Academy of Indonesian Arts (ASRI).
ASRI was founded on the decree number 32/Kebud issued by Ministry of Education on December 15th, 1949. it was inaugurated by S. Mangunsarkoro, the Minister of Education on January 15th, 1950 in Bangsal Kepatihan Yogyakarta and appointed RJ. Katamsi the first director. The fields of study it held were Painting, Sculpture, Craft, and “Redig”, abbreviation of Reklame (Advertisement), Dekorasi (Decoration), Illustrasi Grafik (Graphic Illustration), and Department of Drawing Teachers.
At the time of foundation it was in the state of emergency, it did not have a one roof campus. The education was held in many places. The Central Building for Indonesian Painters (PTPI) Yogyakarta was used as the center of office, lecturing, and the 1st and 2nd studios. The buildings of SMA IIIB (Senior High School) in Kotabaru and house of RJ. Katamsi in Gondolayu were used for Studio IV and V. The ex building Kunst Ambachschool in Ngabean and Bintaran were used for Studio III. Then in 1957, the United States of America granted pre-fabricated building of which its form was similar to the Senior High School buildings in Indonesia. Now it is well known as Campus Gampingan which is legendary.
With the limited structure and infra structure, and without academic experience in running the school operation, and very limited human resources, yet the academy could run well. More than that the lecturers were highly qualified. RJ. Katamsi himself was graduated from Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten, Den Haag teaching History of Arts, Reproduction Science, Perspective, and Opmeten. Djajengasmoro taught Painting and Stilleven. Kusnadi, a painter, taught Komposition. Mardio taught Methods and drawing on the blackboard. Ardan taught material knowledge and Warindyo drawing carves. Radiopeotro, a doctor, taught plastic anatomy. Widjokongko taught photography, Typography, and Science of Painting Measurement, and Padmopoespito taught History of Culture. From 160 students of the first generation there were many strong potential graduates in arts, and in five to six years they were recruited as the lecturers. They were Widayat, Hendrodjasmoro, Saptoto, HM. Bakir, Abas Alibasyah, Abdul Kadir, Edhi Sunarso, and Sutopo. In the world of Indonesian Arts they were finally well known as the reliable artists.
The state of emergency at the founding of Academy of Arts caused the academy not to apply the education system tightly in terms of academic norms and methods based on knowledge (wetenschapelijk). It also caused the making of the curriculum not well planned, in naming the subjects, and academic rules not well arranged. With the policy and awareness in the given condition, Academy of Arts applied global project system as a change, namely the system that gave the students full courage and freedom. Through the system, in six month study, the students of Academy of Arts dared to join the national exhibition to commemorate the fifth freedom of Indonesia held at Sonobudoyo Museum in Yogyakarta. In this chance RJ. Katamsi stated that the global project system caused them to have the spirit of self reliance, and in the practicum they were not taught to draw the object (scenery or thing) in detail, but to present the wholeness according spiced by the personal concept. Through the global project system the students were frequently brought on the spot of the scenery, such as going to Parangtritis, Kaliurang, Borobudur, and other tourist objects to paint the sceneries of the given places. And traditionally the academy has not directed the students to certain styles or characteristics in their creation. Besides, in teaching realism and naturalism, the students were given thorough, logic, and real basis.
In the next development, the academy was not aware of the shift of vision from to educate the students to be artists to educate the students to be teachers of arts. This was caused by the reality in society and life that artists’ profession turned out difficult to secure their lives. Therefore it developed the necessity for the academy to educate the students in order that they got the same chance to teach as those who got the SGA and B-1 certificates. The shift of vision in education was accorded by the decree number 27/1963 issued by Minister of Education on April 5th, 1963. The decree gave the full academic status, separated the First Part to educate the Junior High School graduates painting, sculpture, and craft called High School of Arts and Fifth Part to educate the High School graduates to be drawing teachers called Department of Arts at Institute Of Education and Teachers Training. ASRI (Academy of Visual Arts) became STSRI (High Education of Visual Arts) “ASRI”.
The following change of status happened on November 4th, 1968, namely to become High Education of Indonesian Arts by the decree number 0100/1968 issued by Minister of Education, yet the name ASRI was still attached to it because it was the brand name which was familiar to the society. Moreover, for the Javanese society, asri means beautiful and pleasant, and the term has a good image for the high education of arts.
Through the status, STSRI (High Education of Visual Arts) “ASRI” as the high education for arts has opened the doctorate level or full doctorate while settling the academic soft ware in the education system. In 1969, led by Soedarso Sp, MA as the provisional Director, changed the promotion system or yearly study into the semester system and the study system using SKS (semester credit system). It turned out that STSRI “ASRI” became the pioneer in using SKS for the other high education in Yogyakarta. The system was meant to drive the students’ learning tradition and ethics to become more disciplined, because to get the degree the students had to achieve the qualified academic attainment. Thus, the parts of the field study in the former academic system were developed firmly into six Departments, namely Painting, Sculpture, Illustration/Graphic Arts, Craft, Advertising Arts/Propaganda, Decorative Arts.
FROM STSRI “ASRI” INTO FACULTY OF VISUAL ARTS,
INDONESIA INSTITUTE OF THE ARTS IN YOGYAKARTA
The last journey of the education institution of arts was the merger of STSRI “ASRI” and AMI (Academy of Indonesian Music) and ASTI (Academy of Indonesian Dance) to form Indonesia Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta, through the decree number 39/1984 issued by President of Indonesia on May 30th 1984, and it was inaugurated by Minister of Education on July 23th, 1984. it became Faculty of Visual Arts at Indonesia Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta. It actually underwent the long history from the process of perfecting the education system in the high education of arts which retained the traditional norms and modernity. Along the development of Indonesia and modern age, Faculty of Visual Arts at Indonesia Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta developed its education system based on the concepts of modern education as depicted in the vision of Indonesia Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta and the norms made by Department of National Education. In the process of change to become Faculty of Arts, it occupied the old campus in Gampingan, and in 1995 it moved to the campus in Jl. Parangtritis, Sewon, Bantul to join in the one roof campus of Institute of Indonesian Arts in Yogyakarta.
The vision of Faculty of Visual Arts is to become the art center to guide and develop the reliable artistic feelings in order that the students are able to give contribution to educate and enlighten people aesthetically to accord the development of the age.
The mission of Faculty of Visual Arts is to develop Indonesian aesthetic feelings to accord the development of technology to the national culture through the ideal learning process in creation and research, and to produce the morally good, creative, tough, superior graduates who has the sense of entrepreneurship, and to give positive contribution to the need of society in the field of art.
Faculty of Visual Arts has three departments: namely Department of Fine Arts, Department of Craft, and Department of Design. The three departments has the hierarchic (taxonomic) relation referring to the fields of art sciences, yet each has its own characteristic in terms of concept, function, application, creative motivation, forms, and the materials and techniques. In other words, the departments are the twigs or taxonomic elements of the branches of arts, and grow from the tree of arts. (M. Agus Burhan)
• Vice Dean I for Academic matters
• Vice Dean II for General Administration and Finance matters
• Vice Dean II for Students matters
Head of Administration
• Sub Head for General Matters and equipments
• Sub Head for Finance matters and Staffs Matters
• Sub Head for Education Matters
• Sub Head for Students’ matters.
Department of Fine Arts/Study Program of Fine Arts
Creative Competency and Research on Fine Arts:
• Graphic Art
Department of Craft/Study Program of Crafts
Creative Competency and Research on Craft:
• Wood Craft
• Metal Craft
• Ceramic Craft
• Textile Craft
• Leather Craft
Department of Design
• Study Program of Interior Design Creative Competence and Research on Interior Design
• Study Program of Visual Communication
• Design Creative Competency and Research on • Visual Communication Design
INFRASTRUCTURE AND STRUCTURE
The infrastructure of Faculty of Visual Arts at Indonesia Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta can be mentioned in detail as the following:
Center Building and Office
There are four buildings consisting of Dean Building, Building for Department of Fine Arts, Building for Department of Craft, and Building for Department of Design. Each has rooms functioning as the rooms for the process of teaching and learning and administrative activities. Dean Building has rooms for the Dean, Vice Dean I, Vice Dean II, Vice Dean III, General Administration, Education Administration, Finance Administration, Housekeeping Administration, ARS Journal, completed with the rooms for equipments, cooperation, canteen, and parking facilities.
Building of Faculty of Indonesian Arts has 21 large and small lecturing rooms for general lecture, 61 rooms for studios including rooms for finalizing task of Painting, Sculpture, Graphics, Interior Design, Visual Communication Design, Wood Craft, Metal Craft, Leather Craft, Textile Craft, Ceramic Craft, rooms for computers, Photography, Intaglio (inner print), Screen Print (silk screen), Wood Etching, Model Drawing, Portrait Painting, Nirmana (Elementary Design), Sketches, Acidity, Dark Room, Glasir, Clay Working, Welding, Cast, and Weaving, and Room for collecting each department works.
Equipments for teaching learning
Faculty of Indonesian Arts already has sufficient equipments for teaching and learning. Some lecturing rooms are completed with electronic teaching equipments such as laptop and LCD. Some lecturers room and lecturing rooms are furnished with room air conditioner.
There is Mosque Al-Mukhtar to the south of the campus of Institute of Indonesian Arts in Yogyakarta for the Moslems to pray.
In the campus of Institute of Indonesian Arts there are tennis court, basket field, badminton field, equipped with the facilities.
Canteen and Cooperation
There are canteen and cooperation run by the staffs in the campus of Institute of Indonesian Arts, even though they are permanently built.
Developing the structure and infra structure
At present Institute of Indonesian Arts is increasing and developing the structure and infra structure on education by the funds received from DIPA, A1, A2 Competition Grants, Due-like, and SP4, and renovating the buildings of lecturing rooms ruined by the tsunami on May 26th, 2006.
Students Access to the infra structure and structure can be done through well planned bureaucratic procedure properly suitable to the students’ needs and wants, regularly and unexpectedly. Vice Dean III has the duty to guide the students. The planned programs of the students can be carried out through BEM (Board of Students Executives) and HMJ (Association of Department Students).
To get information on line, the students, lecturers, and staffs can access through the hot spots in the Rector Building and each Faculty building, free of charge.
Study Program of Fine Arts is a part of Faculty of Visual Arts at Indonesia Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta that teaches arts of which the creation is driven by heart or spiritual needs. It is subjective and indirectly concerns the practical and functional needs. The aim of Department of Fine Arts is to produce the qualified graduates of Fine
Arts who are able to express his artistic concept into the form of art works, and to analyze various forms of fine arts theoretically.
Painting, Sculpture, and Graphic Arts have been the outstanding skills in art education since the Academy of Visual Arts (ASRI) was founded in 1950 in Yogyakarta. The creative art works produced by the students have given real contribution to the national art development especially in the field of arts.